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  Information About Hualhuas   Antonio Caceres  

The Peruvian district of Hualhuas is one of 28 that make up the Province of Huancayo. It is situated 11.5 kilometers north of Huancayo, its territory reaching 24.82 km² at an altitude of 3,280 meters above sea level. It was established by law on December 13, 1941 and today boasts a houses a population of approximately 3,220 people.

The history of Hualhuas mirrors the history of Peru. Human habitation in the area began in 10,000 b.c., with simple tribal societies sustained by agriculture. Trade was eventually established with coastal regions, opening up new food options to the high-starch diet of the highlands, and opened a flow of cultural ideas. It was the Paracas culture of the coast (south of Lima) that was responsible for first developing weaving techniques during and introducing this knowledge to the highland societies. Their geometrically designed cats, fish, reptiles, birds and regional gods had a profound influence on the art of the highlands around the third century a.d.

Cultural unification of the Hualhuas area first came with the imperial Wari empire, which founded the city of Huarivilica in 600 a.d. Artistic influence on the Wari empire was diverse and wide-spread. Archeologist have found designs tracing from the Tiwanaku people in Bolivia to the Nazca people on the southern coast of Peru. The set of images and practices that developed during this time would be passed to the Inca Empire, through the colonial period, all the way to the present day. The Wari empire lasted four hundred years, three times longer than the Incas, and when it fell in 1000 a.d. the 70 tribes in the Mantaro Valley Region came together as the Huanca nation. Many consider this the cultural roots of the central highland.

By 1460, the Incan empire had absorbed the Huanca culture, and shortly after in 1591, were overthrown by the Spanish conquistadors. European technology was introduced during this time, including the puchka, madejadora, and hilador, used in the process of turning wool to yarn. In 1853, the year before independence, the wooden telar with strings and pedals for creating higher-quality weaving was introduced to the region, a technology that has become central to the production of tapestries today.

No one culture can claim the history of Peru. Today we can see the great assimilation of ideas and history in the alpaca weaving of Hualhuas.

Antonio Caceres is the fourth generation of his family to weave, but the first to master natural dying. He is considered an expert in his field...read more and find products
Aurelia Meza Colonia
Aurelia Meza Colonia has lived in Hualhuas all of her life. She began work as a seamstress, making bedsheets out of sheep's wool with her mother...read more and find products
Faustino Maldonado
Faustino Maldonado was born in Hualhuas. He learned his craft, like so many artisans, from his father, on rustic looms...read more and find products
Francisco Rojas Aroni
Francisco Rojas is a natural dyer. He uses flowers, bushes, trees and insects for the vivid colors on his products...read more and find products
Gabbler Maldonado
Gabbler Maldonado Lazo began to work with carpets around the age of sixteen because he was the son of an artisan and was inspired by and curious of his family´s work...
Victor Ingaroka
Victor Ingaroca was born in Hualhuas. Although he learned the art of weaving from his grandparents and mother, he claims...read more and find products
  Pictures of the Town

  Map to Locate the Artisans    

Ave. Giraldez # 652, Huancayo - Peru | Telephone : 51-64-223303| Fax/Ans/Tel: 51-64-222395 This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it   /  This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it